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Wednesday, 16 January 2019

Welcome.

Welcome to Kediri.

By introducing the name Bambang Sunarno author also introduces the town of Kediri as the hometown and historic sites as well as original culinary style Kediri, East Java, Indonesia.
In the town of Kediri, there are several historic sites and some of the history of Kediri. Attractions including  :

Selomangleng cave.

Selomangleng cave.

Maskumambang lake.

Maskumambang lake.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.

Maria Lourdes grotto Kediri.
Maria Lourdes cave has been known to tourists, and is known by the name Puh Sarang Church Kediri. The tourists always visit every holiday or there is an opportunity to visit with family Kediri, while Maria Lourdes grotto is a site that explains in detail the crucifixion of Jesus and also used for the followers of the Christian ritual.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.
Waterfall Dolo very attractive to newcomers from abroad or locally to enjoy the beauty of the high fountain and splashing in the gentle breeze and feel fresh.

If you want to Kelud. 

the road to the mountain kelud hot water.
Please contact the Travel Agents are available in the town of Kediri and you will get a place to take you.

culinary seller on the street Dhoho kediri.
When you visit in the evening there is a culinary providers Doho line the streets until the evening at 24.00, and for the guests do not have to worry, because every time you come there is always the hotels were good and satisfying.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
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DatePublished: 27 September 2019 at 23:16
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Friday, 27 January 2017

Did You Know About Leeches ?

 Leeches

Leeches are ' worms ' with suckers on each end . Leeches can be divided in a variety of sizes , from the size of half an inch to ten inches in length , there are leeches color brown or black color . There are some that eat decaying plants . Others are parasites , sucking the blood and other animal tissues .
blood sucking leeches in two ways : using a leech proboscis to puncture the skin or using three jaws and millions of tiny teeth . Leeches live almost anywhere there is water origin . Leeches find their prey by detecting skin oils , blood , heat or carbon dioxide even when the prey breathes .
Leeches do not often eat , this is because the leeches suck in large amounts of blood when eating .
Doctors often use leeches in the past to draw blood . Leeches are also used to perform operations and cutting hair . When the barber finished the operation , she would take a bloody bandage and wrap around the pole to show that he was doing surgery . That's how the origin of the red and white pole circling the barber .
Now maggots and leeches are used for different reasons . Scientists are studying the saliva of leeches . They believe the substances that stop or prevent blood clots that someday could be used in humans . The researchers also identified several medical compounds that can be developed from the saliva of leeches . The properties of anticoagulant and clot - digesting these substances makes them potentially useful as a drug for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke . Leeches can be " milked " for their secretions without being harmed , and continues to do research the possibility of engineering synthetic leech saliva . But it still used leeches to suck blood .
Doctors now turn to leeches to help restore blood circulation to grafted tissue and reattached and toes .
For example : microsurgeons at a Boston hospital used leeches to save the ears of a 5 year old boy who had been bitten by a dog died . The leech can remove all solid blood to allow normal circulation to return to the network , thus preventing gangrene from scratch .
At this time , hundreds of thousands of leeches are sold in the U.S. to hospitals , clinics and individuals the European market , much bigger and millions of leeches are sold every year .

Hirudotherapy.

Hirudotherapy is treatment using medical leeches . This type of therapy is known from extreme antiquity and is still alive today . This fact shows effectiveness in healing various diseases . Currently Hirudotherapy method approved by many countries .

Hirudotherapy is treatment using medical leeches

Great experience using medicinal leeches in medical purpose kept up for centuries With the development of science covert action mechanism described leech salivary glands , are biologically active substances included in it was introduced to the public , the influence of leeches on the particular structure of a living organism has been investigated . Some medical forms are made on the basis of biologically active substances from the salivary glands of leeches and work on the creation of a new substance that is by doing a modern Hirudotherapy different from the old-fashioned because now we do not use the wild leeches , instead we use leeches that live in the wild , especially where they are in a natural condition that dirty , we currently use a leech only once .
The advantages are obvious and absolute safety Hirudotherapy checked on thousands of years of human experience and not cause doubts . One of the first substance that is found in the salivary glands of medicinal leeches is hirudin , a substance that thins the blood clotting process , anticoagulating as destabilaza fermentation , ingibitors of plazmine , callecrein of plasmine and others .
Factors diffusion - ferments of gialuronidaza , collagenaza , appressing factors mediators of pain - cininaza , antisclerous factors are also investigated . Thus , medicinal leeches are manufacturing biologically active substances . The result of the action of biologically active substances on living organisms are ;
- Normalization and improvement of capillary circulation ;
- Declare antiinflammatory effects ;
- Antistressful and adaptogene effect ;
- Immunostimulants and immunomodulating effects ;
- Anesthesia ;
- Anticoagulation ;
- Antibacterial Effect ;
- Improvement of the endocellular exhange and realization of this mechanism has both local and general character .
The existence of skin - visceral connection with the organs are definitely famous . biologically active substances act to organ for blood -sucking leeches drug action through Viens . This prompted an increase in blood circulation in specific organs , making trombolitic , anti-inflammatory , immunostimulant action , improve nutrition of tissues , strengthen the immune network . It is impossible for all the diseases that can be treated by using Hirudotherapy , contra - indications with Hirudotherphy is hemophilia ,
pregnancy , anemia , hypotonia .
Hirudotherapy can be applied to any disease known at this time . It can be used as an independent method of treatment and in a complex with other people to know . Doctors know exactly how difficult it is to struggle with chronic inflammatory diseases. The problem is in all types of clinical presentation of the disease organism protection mechanisms are universal-emission inflammatory mediators, vazoconstrictors , apireties and some other biologically active substances into the blood . Everything comes to the aspirations of living organisms to limit the nidus of inflammation by a decrease in blood circulation and capillary permeability - network , the creation of a shaft with conjunctive tissue inflammation and cellular structure and mode of temperature in the area . Given as a result of the concentration of the drug for instance an antibiotic in the nidus of inflammation is much lower than in the blood . Increasing doses of chemical drugs do not solve the problem because of excessive lead to allergies and side effects in other organs ( liver , kidney , bone marrow , glands Endocrin ) . As a result dinemukan many problems ; disbacteriosis , hepatitis , nephropathy , immune deficiency conditions , but chronic inflammation problem for a given patient is not resolved . Here is to remember about Hirudotherapy . Containing biologically active substances in leech saliva glands can restore blood circulation in the nidus of inflammation , ischemia remove organs , giving the exchange capillary network and therefore can perform chemical transport of drugs into the nidus of inflammation , improve immune protection and tissue regeneration . In such conditions the use of the same chemical drugs is possible in smaller doses . These factors do not limit the ability to influence the nidus of inflammation Hirudotherapy . The problem is that in the salivary glands of medicinal leeches there are some substances that are able to withstand bacterias.One growth substances studied were the most hirudin . In experiments on animals and bactericidal action of hirudin has been proven bacteriastatic . The main reason of drug action on thrombophlebitis hirudin example is its bactericidal properties . That's why it became clear that the use of leeches in both aseptic inflammation and the inflammation caused by a bacterial agent helps the organism . Owned medicinal leech salivary gland secrets to penetrate the " axis demarcacional " inflammation is deternimed by the action of a factor of-the - enzyme gialuronidaza penetration . This enzyme is able to act unactivate gialuron acid which is a cementing substance for connective tissue .
feaeture sort Hirudotherapy essentially distinquishes of other treatment methods .
In addition to the above mentioned effects Hirudotherapy it is necessary to remember about the biological influences such as irritation of the active points in zones.It reflex has been long known that leeches prefer to sit in certain areas of the skin that correspond to points of ancient Chinese method of treatment - needleacupuncture . In Hirudotherapy results we receive in the treatment effect is not only due to the action of biologically active substances ' secret leeches , but also in a way that affects the reflex zones .
For example, in the treatment of hypertonic disease biologically active points and cervical occipital regions used and the influence of these points give , vasodilation and hipotenzive effects.The other anesthetic action of the leech is a leech exhaust taking.One blood of 5 to 10 ml of blood .. The bleeding lasts for several hours ( approximately 12-24 hours ) and patients lose about 20-30 ml blood.Thus due to the influence of the leech 5 simulteneously patients 100-250 ml of blood loss and blood this way has the advantage of taking no doubt before taking blood from a vein . Taking blood from the organs associated with pain lasted for about an hour . Therefore , creating conditions of many lasts hours and venous drainage and stable fit of certain areas , in certain areas there is usually improved microcirculation , nutrition network , mobile exchange , venous stagnation usually liquidated and organ ischemia usually eliminated.After course of treatment consists of 5-10 procedures using leeches 4-10 good clinical effect is marked.At cardiovascular pathology circulatory decompensation ( ishemic heart disease , defect intimate ) that points to the heart of authentic leech reduce elevated arterial pressure , leading to reduce stagnation in heart , for increased ventilation of the lungs and heart demolition . The effect comes in direct hipotenzive results and anticoagulating action of hirudin and not a smaller degree by reducing peripheral resistance . In the cardiovascular system disease Hirudotherapy play a special role.It easy to find an explanation for the attention to the conditions mentioned above properties.Besides note hirudin ability to affect blood clotting . Fluid and blood clotting conditions provided by the functional interation of two systems of organisms : anticlotting.The anticlotting support system and blood clotting in a liquid state , protecting it from freezing , which both provide protection from bleeding in violation of the integrity of blood vessels . For patients with ischemic heart disease , hypertension , for parents , for patients with diabetes is a major problem as angiopathy and vessel atherosclerosis - results ; atherosclerosis anyone integrety violation of vessels.which blood supply and turn on the system clotting.In terrible results show most of the heart disease and arterial thrombosis in vessels is an important vital organs. The output of thrombosis is heart infarction , brain , lungs brinding sometimes deadly results . Stimulation fibrinolitic activity and anticlotting systems of the blood in disease , the suppression of the formation trombs , and reduce blood viscosity is needed both with medical purpose and for preventive maintenance of ischemic conditions . The mechanism of action of hirudin on thrombin oppressive investigated . hirudin blocks the action of thrombin and the latter loses its properties , does not promote the transition of fibrinogen to fibrin. Besides secret saliva of medicinal leeches block an attachement anitial of platelets and actually press them on the surface collagenus aggregetion . Thus , the secret saliva of leeches and the influence of the drug on blood plasma cellular factor clotting. In much research writer is indicated that after the leech is no normalization parameter assignment separate from coagulogramme - on anitial combination of hyper coagulation system activates and vice versa anticoagulating is becoming more active . Similar effects were not accepted even when we use a known anticoagulant such as heparin and aspirin . We must add the effects lipotropal enzymes from the salivary glands of leeches which consists in the ability of drugs to influence on blood lipids . At the beginning of this century, some scientists expressed the assumption that the development of atherosclerosis can be prevented by applying medicinal leeches . In the 1984-1989 experiment proved that the introduction of long- secret introvenous salivary glands of medicinal leeches to mice that were presented in conditions very last atherosclerosis has been a reduction in lung lipids and abdominal arteries . It is known that lipoproteids low density and low density lipoproteids greatly promoted the development of atherosclerosis , but the high density lipoproteids antisclerous protective factors play a role . On hearing the disease there ishemic redistribution of cholesterol in the different classes of lipoproteids density . Quantity in lipoproteids it raises low-density and very low density lipoproteids reduced resulting in high lipoproteids . In this group had increased levels of lipid authentic general , triglicerids , cholesterol on artery walls . Many writers are engaged in this sign authentically reduction problem triglicerids and cholesterol in the blood after a few sessions Hirudotherapy . This makes it possible to draw the conclusion that the secret lipotropic ensymes leech saliva drug can be used in the atherosclerotic vessel defects regardless of the primary localization of atherosclerosis . Perhaps the effect of " rejuvenation " can look after emergence Hirudotherapy shine in the eyes , skin elasticity improvement , flush appearance , loss of face mask fatigue in patients , strong sort of patient . That's possible because in this case we are dealing with an increase mechanism Vasku

The nature of Leech Therapy.


The nature of Leech Therapy

leech mouth.

structure leech

Therapeutic properties Hirudotherapy ;

* Common reflexogenic : hypotension
* Bleeds : immunopotentiating
* Internal decongestion : bacteriostatic
* Anticoagulants : anti - inflammatory
* Protective antithrombotic : Local anti - edema
* Thrombolytic : analgesic
* Removal of microcirculation disorders : antiatherosclerotic
* Anti - ischemic : elimination of abnormal interactions between the system

Doctor Miracle called leech .

Applied drugs have hundreds of years of experience in the fight against human disease . Tens of thousands of different mixtures , tablets , vaccines , drugs , etc. have been created - and they are all human treatment effects . And why professional doctors again and again apply to traditional methods of treatment rather old drug tested by our ancestors ? There is no secret that ... All of these methods are based on natural root . That is why we applied the medical center fashioned method " of treatment for hundreds of diseases " -

Hirudotherapy .

Hirudotherapy ( from Latin leech Hirudo - ) is known since ancient times . Along with general bloodletting , has been regarded as a necessary drug in the treatment of different diseases .
Secrets of the medical leech salivary gland contains more than 100 bioactive substances and has anti -inflammatory action , bacteriostatic , analgesic , completing , it eliminates the microcirculation disorders , vascular permeability restore damaged tissues and organs , eliminating hypoxia ( lack of oxygen ) , reducing blood pressure , improving the activity of the immune system , detoxifies the organism , releases from threatening complications , such as infarction , stroke , improving bioenergy status of the organism .
How confidential leech injection is very simple : placed on the skin to bite the skin , then the leech saliva secret falls into the bloodstream and go to the focus of the disease through the vessel .
In medicine we use hirudoreflexotherapy put leeches on reflexogenic point as " needle Life " .

Indications for treatment with medicinal leeches :

* Cardiovascular diseases , including essential hypertension and ischemic
   diseases , diseases
   phlebogene of the lower extremities ;
* Chronic bronchitis , pneumonia , bronchial asthma ;
* Digestive tract diseases ( hepatitis , cholecystitis , pancreatitis , gastric ulcer ) ;
* ENT Disease ;
* Paradontosis and other dental diseases ;
* Urological diseases ;
* Male sterility ;
* Skin diseases ( neurodermatitis , psoriasis , eczema , herpes ) ;
* Gynecological disorders ( commissural process in the small pelvis ,
* Female infertility ,
* Adnexitis chronic , parametritis ,
* Endometriosis , fibromastopathy ) ;
* Systemic diseases ( rheumatoid arthritis , systemic lupus erythematosus , scleroderma ) ;
* Osteochondrosis and radiculitis ;
* Eye diseases , including glaucoma ;
* Infantile cerebral paralysis ( ICP ) and other diseases .
* Therapy Hirudotherapy properties :

Blood shortage.

Leech therapy is always associated with a certain degree of blood loss , which is clinically irrelevant in most cases . In clinical trials by Michalsen , losses mean hemoglobin 0.7 mg / dL of blood loss , and clinically relevant not occur in any of the patients studied . However , there is a strong afterbleeding isolated observations with a decrease in hemoglobin value , especially in cases where the leech was accidentally applied directly to the superficial veins . According to the Essen - Mitte Hospital , clinically relevant decrease in hemoglobin ( > 3 mg / dL ) occurred after leech therapy in two patients , one of whom required blood transfusion ( after being treated with six leeches for osteoarthritis of the knee ) . Asked retrospective , one patient stated that he was , in his opinion , prolonged bleeding injuries in the past . In other cases , afterbleeding from leech bites lasted for 36 hours and must be stopped by skin sutures . extensive coagulation test is then performed but did not reveal any specific coagulation disorders . Prior to the occurrence of abnormal bleeding anamnestically seem important , and patients should be specifically questioned about the incident . Anticoagulants are drugs simultaneously important to see . If low-dose aspirin is prescribed in combination with other platelet aggregation inhibitors ( clopidogrel , Iscover , Plavix ) or high -dose fish oil ( Omacor ) , a small number of leeches ( 3-4 ) should be used initially. blood counts should always be obtained before the start of leech therapy. To reliably prevent the loss of the relevant amount of blood , the leech therapist should never use more than 12 twisters in a single treatment session .

Impaired Wound Healing , superinfection , and Allergies .

Once the leech drops off , the edge of the wound three branches generally swell during 12-48 hours accompanied by feelings of local tension , hot , and flushed . Small blood spots ( ecchymoses ) develop under the skin around the bite of a leech . larger collection of blood rarely develops . Such as superficial bruises , blood spots initially reddish purple , then turn yellowish , and finally disappeared in about two weeks . Localized inflammation , sometimes with papulous height of the bite site , is a relatively common problem that is often accompanied by itching . This inflammation usually subsides quickly when the ice and left . The cause of this disorder is unknown wound - healing . improper handling , especially early termination afterbleeding from wounds , leech head squeezed with pliers , strong deletion of leeches before finished eating , and the failure to keep the animals in freshwater , has frequently been implicated as a potential cause . However , it has also been observed to occur right after leech treatment in isolated cases . Theoretically, Aeromonas hydrophila local infection with a potential cause , but so far there is no evidence of microbiological presence of Aeromonas hydrophila in the wound fluid of affected patients . more severe local inflammation is most often caused by secondary wound contamination or irritation due to mechanical irritation , such as scratching and rubbing . Patients should be informed of the overall importance of protecting the wound from mechanical irritation . According to survey hospitals , more severe local inflammation occurs in three isolated cases : One patient developed erysipelas and two lymphangitis being developed . All cases resolved rapidly in response to treatment with cephalosporin antibiotics and / or gyrase inhibitors . Obedience localization contraindications and recommendations to minimize the risk of local inflammation . In case it is not clear where the progressive and painful skin redness develops , especially if it is associated with increased temperature , the leech therapist should know to administer antibiotics immediately . Pseudolymphomas may occur in rare cases , this is caused by efflorescences papulous reaction to arthropod bites leech . Currently , no data are used to assess the exact frequency of these side effects . To our knowledge , a total of three documented and confirmed cases have been reported .
It is difficult to distinguish the wound - healing secondary disturbance of potential allergic reactions . precise data on the frequency of allergic reactions to the bite of a leech is not available . Local itching , a common side effect of leeching , should not be construed as an allergic reaction . allergic reactions such as urticaria firmly while and locodistant swelling have been reported in a few isolated cases . However , local symptoms , reflex erythema and urticarial dermographism psychovegetatively unstable individuals have been studied more frequently . An older case reports describe the occurrence of short -term anaphylactic shock after six leeches applied to the temple area . Some experts manage systemic antihistamines leech therapy for the treatment of localized allergic reaction to ( empirical ) good success . However , response rates for both antihistamines are not evidence per se of allergens : A certain level of placebo response to antihistamines should also be taken into account . Which may be boosting existing antibiotics allergic to leech therapy is also proposed in case reports .
When interpreting a local reaction that occurs after leech therapy , it is important to remember that the protease in the saliva of leeches release various types of mediators nonimmunological . Furthermore , the reaction may be exacerbated by factors psychovegetative . All in all , there are only a few cases in which a relationship between leech therapy and the occurrence of allergic reactions has been proven with reasonable certainty . However , potential allergic reactions occur after exposure to any foreign protein . Contact dermatitis has also been observed after the use of leeches ointment .
Short-term reactive swelling and / or tenderness of the lymph nodes proximal have occasionally been reported , but most often in patients with delayed wound healing . This phenomenon has most often develops in the groin area after application of leeches for the treatment of knee joint , hip joint , or varicose veins . Quickly and smoothly loss swollen lymph nodes all of which are described in case reports .

Blood poisoning .

Sepsis due to systemic infection with Aeromonas hydrophila has been repeatedly observed after application of leeches in reconstructive surgery indications , but not in any of the other relevant fields used . This supports the conclusion that the risk of Aeromonas hydrophila sepsis increased only in patients with severe underlying disease or immunosuppression , which often occur in surgical candidates for leech therapy . Therefore we recommend concurrent antibiotic treatment for all surgical patients receiving leech therapy . In the rest of the field of use , the primary antibiotic therapy does not seem to be required in accordance with the current state of knowledge , but must be considered relevant contraindications .

Transmission of Infectious Diseases .

At this time , medicinal leeches are generally only used once . Therefore , there is no risk of indirect transfer of infectious diseases from one patient to another . Aeromonas hydrophila primary infection with clinically relevant only if the leech goes for transplant surgery . Concurrent antibiotic treatment therefore recommended for prophylaxis of infection in these cases ( see above ) . Transmission of pathogenic bacteria or other viruses to humans in the context of leech therapy has not been observed so far .

Scars.

If allowed , the former is usually rapid leech shrunk to hardly visible or invisible signs three small branches disappear completely within one to three weeks . However , if the impaired wound healing wounds due to scratching or secondary infections , scars will remain visible for a long time significantly . Papulous skin changes over the last few months have also been reported in isolated cases . In one case , a " reaction to arthropod " permanent also been reported after treatment leeches . Significant scarring may occur especially when leeches are applied to
areas with thin skin and a thin layer of subcutaneous tissue or joint area where the skin is constant movement . Wearing tight clothing after treatment , for example, around the knee , can also result in scar formation .
For aesthetic reasons , the control is recommended when using leeches in the face or in part apparent and other relevant cosmetics from the body . Here , we re- emphasize that it is necessary to thoroughly inform patients about the potential risks of treatment , including scar tissue , and to obtain written informed consent from the patient before going ahead with the treatment .

Safety and Side Effects Leech Therapy .

leech therapy rarely ever lead to serious complications . Local pain medication and short-term side effects itching usual . Prior to treatment , patients should be advised accordingly and asked to sign a consent form that describes the side effects that are relevant ( see Appendix ) . Prevalence data from systematic and prospective studies are only available for a few different side effects of leech therapy . The following analysis is compiled using data from published efficacy studies and case reports , as well as from personal observation . Quality control data on adverse events documented in more than 1000 cases treated at the Hospital Essen - Mitte , especially for the treatment of degenerative joint disease , is also included in the analysis .

Local Pain During Treatment .

Local pain perception varies leeching . Most patients describe the local dragging pain that occurs immediately after leech bites and lasts for about one to five minutes . Such as saliva more and more introduced into the network , the anesthetic effect of leech saliva comes into force . The intensity of the pain from the bite of the leech and the first phase is generally described as a light meal or ignored ( depending on the individual 's pain threshold ) , but some patients find the pain is more intense , similar to a wasp sting . Perceived intensity of leech bites varies from one person to another . subjective pain ratings ranged from " hardly noticeable " to " mild " ( similar to stinging nettle pain ) to " similar to a wasp sting " ( very rare ) . Sensation ( or sometimes a bit strong ) rhythmic normally attract little attention for one to three minutes after the start of feeding .
Does stimulation of the same intensity exactly considered painful or not perceived at all of course depends on the personality of the individual , but also depends on the concentration of the people on the leech or leech therapy attitudes toward . Individual leech jaw size , bite force , the intensity of suction , and the volume and composition of leech saliva also plays a role . Many people never even notice the bites of leeches , for example when they are bitten under the water , while their attention is focused on something else . Often , patients are more anxious that focuses on getting ready for the leech bite , the higher the perception of pain . Leech therapist should keep in mind during the preparation phase and during treatment . A diversion can often help . It is also useful to allow the patient to " get to know " "his" or " her " to convince the leech and leech treatment of patients with a confident manner . If latex gloves must be worn for health reasons , the leech therapist does not have to use forceps on leeches . Many patients lose their aversion to leeches when they show how they swim and elegant beautiful colored patterns on their backs shown . Many people report that the patient's attitude toward the leech changes from negative to positive after a positive treatment experience . Most of the concerns are projected to leech is based on ancient fears rather than on objective facts . We also recommend that kill leeches in front of the patient . If leeches had to be killed after treatment , the animals should be frozen and placed in a solution of 90 % alcohol a few days later .

Itching local .

Transient leech bites itch in place within the first few days after treatment is very common and should not be mistaken for an allergic reaction . In a study of the efficacy of leech therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee , approximately 70 % of patients treated with leeches developed local itching that lasts an average of two days . Transient itching occurs at a frequency that is comparable , but the level of intensity is strong in many cases in which leeches were applied to the more peripheral joints , such as the thumb , but at lower levels after treatment of large joints and vertebrogenic zone , according to empirical assessment . Patients can be advised prior to treatment side effects . Patients should not scratch the bites of leeches , especially after the initial wound closure , because it often delays wound healing . We recommend local cooling solution ( curd wraps , cold moist wrap , wrap vinegar ) . For more severe itching , antipruritic commercial products ( eg , ointment Fenistil ) or oral antihistamines may be used . Some experts prescribe oral antihistamines leech therapy to patients in conjunction with a known history of a severe reaction ( itching and redness of the skin ) for leech therapy . Isolated reports describe brief relapse hives are in certain situations ( eg , high temperature ) for several months after an otherwise uneventful course of leech therapy .

Hypotension and Vasovagal attack.

Patients with a history of developing vasovagal attack or syncope ( fainting ) before other invasive treatment methods also can develop a reaction like that at the start of or during leech therapy . One survey showed that vasovagal attack occurs in one of 1000 leech treatment performed in our hospital . Therefore , the leech therapist should always ask about the patient's prior history of vasovagal attack or pass out before procedures such as blood sampling or acupuncture . To guard against vasovagal attack , the patient should drink plenty of fluids before and during treatment , and treatment should always be done in a soothing environment while the patient is lying down . Two cases of hypotension and syncope outpatient Vasodepressor following leech therapy were also observed . Both patients known arterial hypertension and three antihypertensive drugs , which they continue to take as normal . A few hours after leech therapy , two patients developed a brief attack of benign syncope . It is important to remember that leeching has known antihypertensive effects when treating patients on antihypertensive drugs . Patients should drink plenty of fluids . If there is a strong flow of blood from leech bites , the patient's blood pressure should be monitored and antihypertensive medications should be adjusted as needed .
Prior to treatment , patients should be advised accordingly and asked to sign a consent form that describes the side effects that are relevant ( see Appendix ) . Prevalence data from systematic and prospective studies are only available for a few different side effects of leech therapy . The following analysis is compiled using data from published efficacy studies and case reports , as well as from personal observation . Quality control data on adverse events documented in more than 1000 cases treated at the Hospital Essen - Mitte , especially for the treatment of degenerative joint disease , is also included in the analysis .

Local Pain During Treatment .

Local pain perception varies leeching . Most patients describe the local dragging pain that occurs immediately after leech bites and lasts for about one to five minutes . Such as saliva more and more introduced into the network , the anesthetic effect of leech saliva comes into force . The intensity of the pain from the bite of the leech and the first phase is generally described as a light meal or ignored ( depending on the individual 's pain threshold ) , but some patients find the pain is more intense , similar to a wasp sting . Perceived intensity of leech bites varies from one person to another . subjective pain ratings ranged from " hardly noticeable " to " mild " ( similar to stinging nettle pain ) to " similar to a wasp sting " ( very rare ) . Sensation ( or sometimes a bit strong ) rhythmic normally attract little attention for one to three minutes after the start of feeding .
Does stimulation of the same intensity exactly considered painful or not perceived at all of course depends on the personality of the individual , but also depends on the concentration of the people on the leech or leech therapy attitudes toward . Individual leech jaw size , bite force , the intensity of suction , and the volume and composition of leech saliva also plays a role . Many people never even notice the bites of leeches , for example when they are bitten under the water , while their attention is focused on something else . Often , patients are more anxious that focuses on getting ready for the leech bite , the higher the perception of pain . Leech therapist should keep in mind during the preparation phase and during treatment . A diversion can often help . It is also useful to allow the patient to " get to know " "his" or " her " to convince the leech and leech treatment of patients with a confident manner . If latex gloves must be worn for health reasons , the leech therapist does not have to use forceps on leeches . Many patients lose their aversion to leeches when they show how they swim and elegant beautiful colored patterns on their backs shown . Many people report that the patient's attitude toward the leech changes from negative to positive after a positive treatment experience . Most of the concerns are projected to leech is based on ancient fears rather than on objective facts . We also recommend that kill leeches in front of the patient . If leeches had to be killed after treatment , the animals should be frozen and placed in a solution of 90 % alcohol a few days later .

Itching local .

Transient leech bites itch in place within the first few days after treatment is very common and should not be mistaken for an allergic reaction . In a study of the efficacy of leech therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee , approximately 70 % of patients treated with leeches developed local itching that lasts an average of two days . Transient itching occurs at a frequency that is comparable , but the level of intensity is strong in many cases in which leeches were applied to the more peripheral joints , such as the thumb , but at lower levels after treatment of large joints and vertebrogenic zone , according to empirical assessment . Patients can be advised prior to treatment side effects . Patients should not scratch the bites of leeches , especially after the initial wound closure , because it often delays wound healing . We recommend local cooling solution ( curd wraps , cold moist wrap , wrap vinegar ) . For more severe itching , antipruritic commercial products ( eg , ointment Fenistil ) or oral antihistamines may be used . Some experts prescribe oral antihistamines leech therapy to patients in conjunction with a known history of a severe reaction ( itching and redness of the skin ) for leech therapy . Isolated reports describe brief relapse hives are in certain situations ( eg , high temperature ) for several months after an otherwise uneventful course of leech therapy .

Hypotension and Vasovagal attack .

Patients with a history of developing vasovagal attack or syncope ( fainting ) before other invasive treatment methods also can develop a reaction like that at the start of or during leech therapy . One survey showed that vasovagal attack occurs in one of 1000 leech treatment performed in our hospital . Therefore , the leech therapist should always ask about the patient's prior history of vasovagal attack or pass out before procedures such as blood sampling or acupuncture . To guard against vasovagal attack , the patient should drink plenty of fluids before and during treatment , and treatment should always be done in a soothing environment while the patient is lying down . Two cases of hypotension and syncope outpatient Vasodepressor following leech therapy were also observed . Both patients known arterial hypertension and three antihypertensive drugs , which they continue to take as normal . A few hours after leech therapy , two patients developed a brief attack of benign syncope . It is important to remember that leeching has known antihypertensive effects when treating patients on antihypertensive drugs . Patients should drink plenty of fluids . If there is a strong flow of blood from leech bites , the patient's blood pressure should be monitored and antihypertensive medications should be adjusted as needed .

Medicinal leeches .

Approximately 600 species of leeches have been identified to date , but only about 15 are used in the treatment . Leeches classified as " medicinal leeches " , Hirudo medicinalis , in the narrow sense has been used to treat patients for centuries .
The first documented account of the use of Hirudo medicinalis for medicinal purposes dates back to the time of Hippocrates . According to Sanskrit writings , Dhavantari , the father of Indian medicine , held nectar in one hand and a leech on the other hand . Leech therapy is also used in traditional Chinese medicine . Paintings of medicinal leeches have been found in the tombs of pharaohs . The Solomon Parables also describe leech treatment use in ancient medicine . Leech therapy in the treatment of Greece can be found in the poem by Nicandros Alexipharmacia . The Roman physician Galen classified leech terapy as a method to achieve a healthy balance . Avicenna also used leeches for healing aids . In the past leeches have proven the most effective treatment in many cases . Leeches were especially useful in the treatment of battle wounds . European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries imported over 100 million leeches every year to meet the high demand .
Currently , doctors use leeches for treating abscesses , painful joints , glaucoma , myasthenia , and to heal venous diseases and thrombosis . Medical leeches are used in plastic surgery , to improve brain circulation and for the treatment of infertility .
Common indications for leech therapy are :
inflammatory reaction
Heart Disease
Rheumatic Diseases
Tendovaginitis and Tendinitis
Venous Disease and Varicose Veins
arthrosis
arthritis
muscle tension
Antidyscratic therapy ( blood purification and regeneration ) of toxicoses and mental illness
Thrombosis and embolism
Passive congestions and spastic conditions
Vertebrogenic Pain Syndromes
Transudates and exudates
A simple principle lies at the heart of all miracles - Hirudo . During feeding, leeches secrete a complex mixture of different biologically and pharmacologically active ingredients into the wound . Hirudin is the best known component of leech saliva . Hirudin is sometimes used to describe all the active substances in leech saliva . In fact , hirudin only refer to a particular active substance in leech salive . Component of leech saliva drug effects in the host's body is :
* Hirudin : Inhibits blood coagulation by binding to thrombin
* Calin : Inhibits blood clots by blocking the binding of von factors
   Willebrand for collagen . Inhibit collagen - mediated platelet aggregation
* Destabilase : Monomerizing activities . Soluble fibrin . effects of thrombolytic
* Hirustasin : Inhibits kallikrein , trypsin , chymotrypsin , cathepsin G neutropholic
* Bdellins : Anti - inflammatory . Inhibit trypsin , plasmin , acrosin
* Hyaluronidase : Increasing the viscosity of the interstitial . antibiotic
* Tryptase inhibitors : Inhibits proteolytic enzymes of host mast cells
* Eglins : Anti - inflammatory. Inhibit the activity of alpha - chymotrypsin, chymase, substilisin, elastase, cathepsin G
Inhibiting Factor Xa inhibitors : coagulation factor xa activity by forming
  equimolar complex
* Inhibitors : Complementary May possibly replace natural complement inhibitors if they lack
* Carboxypeptidase : A inhibitors Increases blood flow at the site of the bite
* Histaminelike : vasodilator substances . Increases blood flow at the site of the bite
* Acetylcholine : vasodilator
* Subsctance anesthesia : anesthesia

Effects leech bites .

Although some types of blood sucking leeches , not all species can bite , only 90 % of their feed from decomposing bodies and open wounds of amphibians , reptiles, waterfowl, fish , and mammals ( including , but not limited to , humans ) . A leech attaches when biting , and will remain attached to having a blood content . Because anticoagulant ( hirudin ) that leeches secrete , bites may bleed more than normal wound after the leech removed. Effect of anticoagulants will disappear a few hours after the leech is removed and the wound cleaned .
Leeches normally carry parasites in their digestive tract that can not survive in humans and do not pose a threat . However , bacteria , viruses , and parasites from previous blood sources can survive within a leech for months , and may be transmitted back to humans . A study found both HIV and hepatitis in African leeches from Cameroon . ( Hirudotherapy ethics therefore is always using leeches that had never been used )
Although some types of blood sucking leeches, not all species can bite, only 90% of their feed from decomposing bodies and open wounds of amphibians, reptiles, waterfowl, fish, and mammals (including, but not limited to, humans). A leech attaches when biting, and will remain attached to having a blood content. Because anticoagulant (hirudin) that leeches secrete, bites may bleed more than normal wound after the leech removed. Effect of anticoagulants will disappear a few hours after the leech is removed and the wound cleaned. Leeches normally carry parasites in their digestive tract that can not survive in humans and do not pose a threat. However, bacteria, viruses, and parasites from previous blood sources can survive within a leech for months, and may be transmitted back to humans.
A study found both HIVdan hepatitis in African leeches from Cameroon. (Hirudotherapy ethics therefore is always using leeches that had never been used).
So , thank you for reading this article . Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
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http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2014/01/did-you-know-about-leeches-?.html
DatePublished: January 27, 2014 at 11:30
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Tag ; Did You Know About Leeches?,leeches.

Saturday, 13 February 2016

Did You Know The Benefits of Milk Etawa.

Benefits of Milk Milk Etawa Etawa believed to have tremendous benefits for a variety of health. It is based on research that Etawa milk contains nutrients and minerals are fairly complete. Among them, phosphorus, calcium, sodium and fluorine. Therefore, milk Etawa claimed to have benefits that almost equivalent to breastmilk.
Etawa.

By looking at the nutritional content is very diverse and complete, it is not surprising that the benefits of milk Etawa also quite numerous and varied. What are the benefits of milk Etawa? Some of the reviews about the health benefits of milk for Etawa.

Benefits and Uses Milk Etawa are :

It has a natural anti-inflammatory properties.

Milk is naturally homogenized Etawa. Fat globules contained in milk Etawa can solve themselves into smaller parts when compared to cow's milk. It is beneficial to facilitate digestion and absorption of food by the body.

For people who suffer from bowel problems or gastrointestinal disorders caused by inflammation, milk Etawa very good to eat. Probiotic properties found in milk Etawa can encourage the development of the digestive system better.

Contains essential fatty acids.

Etawa milk contains about 35% higher fatty acids when compared to cow's milk only has 17%. In addition, milk Etawa more pronounced efficacy when taken in a raw state. Even for those who are lactose intolerant. Milk Etawa also beneficial for lowering high cholesterol. Antimicrobial fatty acids such as caprylic and capric acid found in milk Etawa also useful for improving the digestive system.

Improve the digestive system.

As mentioned earlier, milk Etawa very good for digestive health. This milk has the ability to soothe your digestive tract and suppress hunger effectively making it very suitable for weight loss. Moreover, the absence of protein complexes in milk Etawa make less milk allergy compared with cow's milk.

Does not cause allergies.

Many people complain that turns cow's milk can make them prone to allergies and respiratory diseases. But you do not worry, milk Etawa is an alternative that is very potent and efficacious to resolve the issue. High fat content in cow's milk is the cause of the accumulation of mucus that trigger allergies. Fat globules contained in milk Etawa only one ninth of the fat present in cow's milk. Therefore, irritation of your intestines due to consumption of milk can be avoided.

Acting as a metabolic agent.

Research and studies conducted on milk Etawa concluded that milk is closely related Etawa increased ability to absorb iron and copper, especially in people who have impaired digestive system.

Rich in calcium.

Although people consume cow's milk to increase calcium intake and prevent osteoporosis, you should also try Etawa milk because milk Etawa very rich in calcium and amino acid tryptophan.

As good nutrition and natural.

Goats are known as bio-organic sodium animals because efficacious to improve morale, flexibility and vitality for those who like to consume goat milk. Sodium bio-organic elements that keep joints supple and healthy. In addition, milk Etawa also widely used as a drug to maintain and regenerate the nervous system.

Can treat tuberculosis and asthma.

Milk Etawa it can be used as a medicine to cure tuberculosis and asthma because it contains Fluorine and Betakasein. In addition, milk Etawa also beneficial for those who have problems with breathing.

Good for pregnant and lactating mothers.

Another benefit of milk Etawa named as additional nutrition for pregnant women. In addition, the impact of milk consumption in pregnant women Etawa will nourish the fetus as well. As for nursing mothers, milk Etawa good to facilitate breastfeeding.

Can nourish the skin.

Did you know that milk Etawa it can be used as face masks and scrubs. This method is useful for smoothing the skin and tightens pores so free from various skin problems such as acne.

Benefits of Milk Etawa For Body And Skin.

Like any other milks, milk Etawa also very well taken by all ages because it is very beneficial for health. Of the value of the nutrients, milk Etawa not inferior to other milks, milk even Etawa has several advantages which are very striking. Milk Etawa also recommended consumed for the growth of the baby, pregnant women, breast-feeding mothers, the elderly, and also for healing various diseases as well as for skin beauty. Etawa milk can also be processed into milk powder, cheese, and other dairy products using.

Regarding Milk Mistaken assumption Etawa.

The myth that assumes that goat's milk should not be consumed by people with hypertension (high blood pressure) is not true. The content of "Potassium (Potassium)" contained in the milk Etawa it serves to control blood pressure and may reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Content of Milk Etawa.

Results of research conducted by the United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) shows dairy nutrition Etawa approaching perfect composition of breast milk. Every 100 grams of goat milk contains 3-4% protein, 4-7% fat, 4.5% carbohydrates, 134 grams of calcium and 111 g of phosphorus. The chemical composition Etawa milk contains proteins, fats, carbohydrates, calories, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, sodium, potassium, vitamin A, B1 (IU), B2 (mg), B6, B12, C, D, E, Niacin , V, Pantotenant Acid, Choline and Inositol. Children who consume goat milk has good bone density, increased hemoglobin levels, as well as the adequacy of vitamin A, B1, B2 and B3 are essential for the growth and development of brain and nerve cells. Amino acids containing sulfur element methionine, cystine and cysteine essential for building healthy brain and nervous system, as well as play a role in the formation of blood cells antidote (detoxification) of hazardous chemicals into the body.

Excess Milk Etawa.

- In terms of nutrition, composition, and the nature, Milk Etawa composition and chemical properties of natural breast milk contains close.
- Have antiseptic properties, natural and can help reduce the breeding of bacteria in the body. This is caused the presence of Fluorine are 10-100 times greater than in cow's milk.
- Is wet (Alkaline Food) that is safe for the body.
- Protein lactase its effect soft and lightweight, so it does not cause diarrhea.
- Protein content contained better than eggs.
- Fat is easily digested because it has a soft and smooth texture is smaller than the grain fat cow's milk or other milk. Homogeneous and also be experienced.
- This makes it easier to digest so that suppress the onset of allergic reactions.
- Milk Etawa can be ingested by humans 20 minutes faster than the other milk.
- Efficacy for the Health of Dairy Ingredients Etawa
- Etawa milk contains sodium (Na), fluorine (F), Calcium (C), and phosphorus (P) as the dominant chemical elements and other nutritional content.

Milk Etawa has a property :

- Helps digestion and neutralize stomach acid.
- As a healing therapy of asthma, tuberculosis and acute lung infection chronic.
- Helps to treat allergic skin and other organs.
- Increase stamina and endurance.
- Addressing the problem of impotence / frigidity and increase the vitality of adult men and women.
- Efficacious for patients with abnormal renal function or in the medical world called neprotic syndrome.
- Efficacious as a healing therapy uric acid.
- Efficacious for bone formation, is highly recommended for those who suffer from rheumatism and prevent bone loss / OSTEOPHOROSIS.
- Helping to provide nutrition and other metabolic disorders.
- Helps smooth the skin because it has no milk Etawa in the form of soap.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
http://schema.org/Personal
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name: Bambang Sunarno.
http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/02/did-you-know-the-benefits-of-milk-etawa.html
DatePublished: 13 February 2015 at 18:58
Tags : Did You Know The Benefits of Milk Etawa, Etawa, Milk Etawa.
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Friday, 20 February 2015

Did you know Destinations East Kalimantan.

East Kalimantan Province, eastern tip of Borneo island bordering Malaysia, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan and Sulawesi. The total area is 245 238 km² East Kalimantan, Samarinda capital is directly adjacent to the Sulawesi Sea and the Makassar Strait in the east. In the west, north and south, East Kalimantan directly adjacent to Malaysia, Central Kalimantan, and South Kalimantan. The highest point in East Kalimantan is Liangpran with height reaches 2,240 meters above sea level, East Kalimantan has a wealth of flora and fauna. In East Kalimantan roughly around 1000-189.000 types of plants grow, with the realization of the vision of East Kalimantan travel as a tourist destination of special interest-based nature and culture to the well-being of a sustainable society.

Gate Area Tourism Bukit Bangkirai

Natural tourism area Bukit Bangkirai is a natural forest close to the city and serves as a monument to the tropical rain forest in East Kalimantan. This tropical rain forest vegetation dominated tumsuh of family Dipterocarpaceae.seluas 1500 hectares
Bangkirai hill located in the Regency. But closer when taken from the city of Aberdeen. A tourist area of ​​natural forest has become one of the observations that are frequently visited by tourists and local tourists.
Getting into the area you will find a "Canopy Bridge". A bridge as high as 30 M which stretched from tree to tree Bangkirai one another. Andrenalin Here you will be challenged and to climb the bridge, charged Rp 15,000 per person. This area also features a "green house" for various types of orchids, and Outbound area.

Facilities in the area of ​​Bukit Bangkirai Nature:

a. Canopy Bridge
b. Large home Lamin
c. Houses (cottages)
d. Paths (Trek)
e. Orchid Collection and Gardens Fruits Forest
f. Area campsite
g. Trees and Plants Adoption Program Memorial
h. Outbound Training.

Samboja Lodge.

Samboja Lodge is a place of protection for Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and Bear (Helarctos malayanus). This region is the result of reforestation which has more than 740 native tree species of Borneo. Here are six island Orang Utan. In addition, an area of ​​159 hectares have also been allocated for the development of an arboretum, a large scientific planting, of which about 5,000 native tree species and sub-species Kalimamtan be planted.

Equipped also with a resting place in the form of unique and beautiful Natural cottage built using natural materials that can be recycled with the local architectural style. The cottage is surrounded by green trees, salt water lake and a direct view to the Orang Utan Island. Although located in Region aquatic mammal, but the easiest way to achieve this is through Balikpapan City (located about 35 km from the city of Balikpapan).

Stone walls.

Wall rock or stone is a limestone Tenvang immure firmly on either side of the Mahakam River. These rocks can be seen on the way to Long Pahai and Long Apari. In ancient times this rock was used as a place to put the coffin (lungun) Bahau tribe. This Lungun add to the beauty of natural scenery in the Mahakam Ulu. One of the interesting nature and challenge is to trace the Mahakam river upstream.
Upstream along the Mahakam river we can see the beauty of nature, trees and several kinds of wild orchids.
In addition, there is also a rock climbing wall high enough in the District Long Build. Nature tourism stone wall can be reached by river boat to the Long Bagun. Along the way to the upper reaches of the Mahakam River, we can stop for a moment and enjoy the various Dayak villages in the district of West Kutai very natural. In this area there is a legend Batuq Ayau, namely the rocks are believed to be the head of the enemy's disposal in the event of a war between tribes in the past. War is often referred to as Mengayau. Stone Mountain is also the border with the province of East Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan Province.

Liang Mangkulangit.

Liang Mangkulangit or locals language support means Goa Lifting sky given by the inventor. Kandilo river flows underneath there. Long journey is approximately 45 minutes from Muara Komam or approximately 10 minutes from the village of Muara Kuaro.

Goa Losan.

The location of the cave is located on the edge of the highway Land Grogot-Banjarmasin or within ± 80 km from the Capital Land Grogot. There are a variety of stalactite and stalagmite are yellowish-white, one of which formed a natural melodic rock that when in time may issue scales. Goa Losan in Paser language means cave translucent, where the cave is very large and spacious. Habitat thousands of bats and swiftlets also be inside the cave so that adds to the exotic nature of this cave.

Goa skull.

This attraction is located about 4 km from the Trans-Banjarmasin Balikpapan Kasungai precisely in the village. DI in Goa there are approximately 30 Human Skull. It is said that the cave was a place of burying those faiths Animism before the influence of Hindi and Islamic religion in the Kingdom of Paser. In this area we can see acts of nature panorama mountain while passing a suspension bridge as a means of connecting to access the cave.

Jempang.

Jempang has an area of 15,000 ha ± is one of the riches West Kutai. Jempang located in District Jempang. The lake is a lot of produce various types of fish as a fishing income. With a view which is very exotic and friendly lake water, the lake is an attractive choice to perform a variety of activities, such as: Competition paddle boats, motorized race, a ceremonial pelas Lake. Generally, a series of activities held in conjunction with the ongoing Ehaq Jempang every May. In the afternoon, the lake Jempang very charming place to visit. While motorized ride down the surface of the lake, visitors can enjoy the sunset.

Jantur Inar.

Jantur (waterfall) located in Kampung Temula Inar, District Nyuatan, within ± 30 km from the city center Sendawar. Jantur Inar a place for young people to travel while bathing in the crystal clear waterfalls and also accompany every drop of water that flows.

Steady Jantur.

The waterfall is located in Kampung Linggang Steady Steady, District Linggang Bigung. Steady Jantur located on the side of the highway Barong Tongkok towards Linggang Bigung, so, this magic became the most popular place for teens to unwind once bathing in a waterfall. In the complex there is a well-established area Jantur worship Goa Maria. With the money situation of natural and quiet, is the right place for prayer and pilgrimage in the month of Mary Catholic Church Liturgical calendar

Melawai beach.

Located close to the city center, Melawai is an alternative place to spend the afternoon, at sunset beach Melawai presenting beautiful scenery sunset with golden shades. Here visitors can enjoy local cuisine at very affordable prices in a relaxed atmosphere.

Kemala beach.

Kemala Beach and Resto, or better known as the Police Coast located in Jalan Sudirman South Aberdeen, one of the favorite tourist beach located in the city.
One of the main goals of Balikpapan city communities visited Kemala Beach Beach and Resto for the tourist spot not far from the city center is also where the beach is very easy to reach. Police entered the coastal area, visitors will be spoiled with shady atmosphere of shady trees and beautiful that can attract the attention of visitors. Until the sun do not feel because of its beauty. Not only that, Kemala beach is open from 08.00 pm until Visitors can enjoy the atmosphere of the beach until 23:00 pm. Unlike the case with the other beaches. At least 15 police officers on stand-by. Which also consists of five people from the team saerch and rescue (SAR) area of ​​East Kalimantan Police.

Of the existing facilities in the Coastal Police, in addition to offering beauty Police beach also offers a variety of games that can be rent by the visitors example provides Banana boat, with spending of IDR 25 thousand per person, visitors can wander around the speedboat pulled sea shore Police, or, alternatively, traveled with rent a jetski. However, visitors should spend large enough, chances pegged at Rp 800 thousand, visitors can use Jetsky for 1 hours.
Also the presence of four restaurant there. Namely, Dapoer Mother, Kumala Beach, Alexa and Ambalat Resto Café, which offers a variety of culinary delights from various local and European cuisine. The beauty of a given Resto looks very exotic and elegen because it provides the feel of Bali so that visitors feel they are like in Bali. Not only satisfied the belly, but the eyes were satisfied with stunning views, Dozens of neat proper dining table overlooking the beach.
At Panta Police or Kemala Beach and Resto not only as an object of tourist attractions, but also can be made in place for the race event, ceremonies (traditional), and formal and non-formal events. Because in Turkish Police have provided a secure facility for events like this. No need to bother anymore to take care of everything, because it has been facilitated and in accordance with what we want.

Beauty Derawan Island.

The island is included in the district area Derawan island. Derawan island to island Charitable takes 1 hour away by speedboat. Name menumbar island, island kakaban, pemana island, island sambit, Bakungan island, the island really mean and Maratua. In the waters around the islands stretching beautiful sea corals, ornamental fish species, there are also mermaids, crabs, walnuts, green turtles and natural pearls. The islands are potentially very rich marine and experts say that the beauty of the marine park with a diversity of marine life that live in the waters of Derawan islands including the number 3 (three) in the world.

Derawan Island since 1993 in the facilities managed by the private sector: cottages, diving equipment, speedboat, restaurants. Charitable Island is managed by a company of Malaysia in collaboration with the Berau district government. Facilities speedboat diving equipment, cottages and others. For tourists who want to stay at the inn belonging to the community is also available in the village Derawan island. Dalling famous artistic dance, sekayan and Igal. Ease visit nautical tourism is by plane or ship redep cape samantha samantha Cape Redeb sea followed by plane or ship then continue by speed boat to the island Derawan.
Thank You for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
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http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/02/did-you-know-destinations-East-Kalimantan.html
DatePublished: 20 February 2015 at 20:40
Tags : Did you know Destinations East Kalimantan.
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Did you know Grasshopper Wood.

Plant Organisms bully is a limiting factor in crop production Indonesia both food crops, horticulture and plantation. Plant pests broadly divided into three namely pests, diseases and weeds. Pests cause interference physical plant, can be caused by insects, mites, vertebrates, molluscs. While the cause of disease in the crop physiological disorder, caused by fungi, bacteria, phytoplasmas, viruses, viroids, nematodes and higher plants.

locust wood
In this lab we will discuss in more detail in particular insect pests for the classification of wood Grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis). Grasshoppers are herbivorous insects of the suborder Caelifera in the order Orthoptera. These insects have antennae that are almost always shorter than the body and also has a short ovipositor. Sound caused some species of grasshoppers are usually produced by rubbing the hind femur to the front wing or the abdomen (called Stridulation), or because their flapping wings while flying. Hind femur length and strong generally suitable for jumping. These insects are generally winged, although wings sometimes can not be used to fly. Female grasshoppers are generally larger than the male grasshopper. In Islam, Grasshopper is one of the two animals that had previously died when still permitted to be eaten, along with fish.

Discussion.

Locust wood (Valanga nigricornis) has the following classification:

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Family: Acridoidea
Genus: Valanga
Specific name: nigricornis -
Scientific name: - Valanga nigricornis.

External anatomy of insects although basically the same for all types of insects, but it varies according to the type and in a kind of insects according to the stage of development.
Insects have called the integument of the body wall. This integument act as outer frame (eksoskleleton).

Anatomy Integumentary Affairs.

Integument consists of three main layers, namely:
a. Base layer (basement membrane) with a thickness of approximately
b. Epidermis or hypodermis which has a thickness of one cell.
c. Thick cuticle layer of approximately 1m.
The cuticle is composed of dead cells formed by living cells underneath that epikutikula, and consists of prokutikula and epikutikula. Prokutikula consists of layers thicker than epikutikula.

• Prokutikula consists of layers endokutikula and eksokutikula.
• Epikutikula a thin layer usually consists of:
a. Layer in the layer called kutikulin (lipoproteins).
b. The outer layer is called waxy coating impermeable.

• hardened part of the cuticle mainly contained in eksokutikula layer, caused by sklerotin as a result of the hardening process called sklerotisasi.
• The cuticle is relatively permeable, and if the situation is thin, it can be traversed by water and gas.

In cuticle often encountered:

- Sulcus, the grooves on the outer cuticle
- Suture, which is the line of union between two separate sclerites
- Apodema or apofisis, the protrusion of the inner cuticle
Broadly speaking, the insect body parts consisting of head, thorax, and abdomen.

Morphology Head.

Head of the front part of the body of the insect and serves for food collection and manipulation, receiver stimuli and brain (neural fusion). The structure of the head skeleton experiencing sklerotisasi called sclerites. Sclerites-sclerites separated from each other by a suture which appears as a groove
The cuticle on the head of the protrusion inward, forming the framework of the head inside, called the tentorium.

There are three types of heads based on the position of the mouth, namely:

1. Prognatous (facing forward), example: Sithopillus oryzae (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)
2. Hypognatous (face down), for example: Valanga nigricornis (Orthoptera, Acrididae)
3. Ophistognatous (down and back), example: Leptocorisa acuta (Hemiptera, Alydidae)
On the head there are two organ recipients excitatory apparent that the single currency and the antenna. The eyes are of two types: single and compound eyes.

Antenna.

A pair of antennas are located in one segment of the head above the mouth that can be moved about. The antenna is an important tool that serves as a means of taste and olfactory. The first segment is called skapus antenna attached to the head. The second segment is called pedicel and subsequent sections collectively Flagellum. The shape and size of the insect antenna is very diverse.

Based on the shape of insect antenna can be divided into 14 types, namely:

1. filiform: resembles mine, each of the segments that make up the antenna size is the same, ie antennas on Valanga sp. (Orthoptera).
2. Moniliform: like beads, segments of the antenna of the same size and are round, for example Rhysodidae.
3. Setaseous: as stiff hairs (Seta), getting to the end sections maakin slender antenna, for example Isoptera.
4. Clavate: like moniliform but somewhat enlarged gets its end, for example Coccinellidae.
5. Capitate: like clavate but the magnification of the last sections suddenly enlarged, for example Nitidulidae.
6. Serate: each segment is shaped like a tooth, for example Elateridae.
7. geniculate: The first segment length followed by a smaller segments that form an angle with the first segment, for example Formicidae.
8. Pectinate: each segment extends to the side like a comb, for example Pyrochoroidae.
9. Bipectinate: each segment has a pair of hair.
10. Stylate: the last segment of a pointed and rather long, for example Asilidae.
11. Aristate: as if from out again antenna antenna segments, for example Muscidae.
12. Plumose: each segment and a long bushy hair, for example, male mosquitoes.
13. Lamellate: most tip segment enlarged and became a slab, for example Scarabaidae.
14. Flabellate: all segments after pedicel shaped like a plate, for example Rhipiceridae

Oral appliance.

In general, insect mouth tools consist of:
1. Labrum (upper lip)
2. A pair mandibel (first molar)
3. A pair of maxillary (second molars)
4. labium (lower lip)
5. Epifaring (tongue)
Insect mouth parts can be classified into two general types, mandibulata (mastication) and haustelata (suction).
• Type of mouth masticatory apparatus, namely transversely mandibel move from side to side, and the insects are usually able to bite and chew food.
• Type the suction mouth has sections with an elongated shape like proboscis or beak and through the tool liquid food sucked. Mandibel on the suction mouth may be elongated and shaped stylet or no.

Some types of insects oral appliance that is:

a. Type of mouth biting chewing apparatus consists of:

(1). Labrum, serves to put food into the oral cavity.

(2). Epifaring, serves as a taster.

(3). Mandibel, serves to chew, cut, or soften the food.

(4). Maxilla, is a tool to take food. Maxila has four branches, namely kardo, palpus, laksinia, and galea.

(5). Hypopharynx, similar to the growth of the base of the tongue and oral cavity.

(6). Labium, as the lower lip along the upper lip serves to close or open mouth. Labium is divided into three parts, namely ligament, submentum, and ligula. Ligula consists of a pair and a pair paraglosa glosa.
• Examples of types of insects with chewing biting mouth appliance that is the order Coleoptera, Orthoptera, Isoptera, and Lepidoptera.

b. Type of mouth chewing and sucking tool

• Type of mouth tool is represented by the type of oral appliance honeybee Apis cerana (Hymenoptera, Apidae) is a type of combination of the labrum and mandibelnya structure similar to the type of tool mouth biting chewing, but the maxillary and labiumnya elongated and fused.
• Glosa is part of the labium are elongated while the edges resembles a hairy tongue called flabelum that can infiltrate and interesting moves to reach the liquid nectar in the flowers.

c. Type lick suck oral appliance

• Type of mouth tool is for example the oral appliance flies (Diptera).
• At the bottom there is a labium shaped head turned into a slotted tube.
• Segment the base of the tube called the rostrum and bottom sections called haustelum.
• The end of the labium is a special form serves as a sucker, called the labellum

d. Sucking Mouth Tool Type

• Type of mouth tool is usually found in moths and butterflies adult (Lepidoptera) and a special type, which is a very small labrum, and maxillary palpusnya developing imperfect.
• labial palpus labium has a bushy-haired and has three segments.

• Part of this oral appliance that is considered important in this type of oral appliance is proboscis formed by the maxilla and galea into a very elongated tube and roll

e. Sucking Pierced Mouth Tool Type

• Ladybug, have piercing sucking mouth tool, for example Scotinophara (Heteroptera).
• The most prominent mouth tool is labium, which serve as shell stylet
• There are four very pointed stylet which serves as a piercer and suck sap.
• Fourth comes from a pair of maxillary stylet and mandibel this is a change in the shape of the tool mouth chewing insects.

Section of Thoracic

Part of the insect's body between the head and thorax abdomen is composed of three segments or segments that protoraks, mesotoraks, and metatoraks
The third part of the thorax has a pair of legs, while mesothoraks and metatoraks each have a pair of wings.
On each side there is a metathoraks mesotoraks and spiracles.
Protoraks, mesotoraks and metatoraks each consisting of notum top and the bottom is called the sternum.
Notum to prothoraks called the pronotum, and notum to mesothoraks and metathoraks each called mesonotum and metanotum.
Pronotum divided over preskutum, skutum, skutelum and postkutelum, mesonotum and metanotum each divided into epimeron and episternum.

Wing

Insects can be classified into two groups based on the ownership of the wings, namely the winged insects (Pterygota) and wingless insect groups (Apterygota). The wing is a protrusion of part of mesopleuron integument and metapleuron. The wing is reinforced by a row of skeletons bersklerotisasi wing, which contains nerves, trachea, and haemolymph. Upper and lower wing surfaces made of thin chitin. Certain parts of the wing looks like thick lines called wing veins. The wings are surrounded by a cell called the wing veins.

Limbs-Limbs Thorax

Insect legs are on prototaks, mesatoraks and metatoraks respectively called front limbs, limb middle and hind limbs.
Insect leg consists of six segments consisting of:

a. Koksa, which is the part that attaches directly to the thoracic
b. Trochanter, the second part of the segment-sized legs is shorter than the Koksa and partly united with the third segment
c. Femur, is the largest segment
d. Tibia, slimmer size but almost the same length as the femur at the end of the tibia usually are thorns or spurs
e. Tarsus, consisting of 1-5 segments
f. Pretarsus, the last segment of the limb, consisting of a pair of nail tarsus and there are structures such as pads called arolium

• Some types of insect limbs composed as follows:

1. Saltatorial: locust hind legs that are used for jumping, with formsrear leg femur is greater when compared with the femoral front legs and the middle leg. Example: Valanga nigricornis (grasshopper)
2. Raptorial: forelimb is used to catch and hold prey, so its size is large when compared with the other leg. Example: Stagmomantis carolina (mantises)
3. cursorial: Limbs is used for a quick walk or run. Example: Periplaneta australasiae (cockroach)
4. Fosorial: forelimb change shape as a navvy. Example: Gryllotalpa africana (mole-mole)
5. Natatorial: Limbs of this type found in aquatic insects that serve to swim. Example: Hydrophilus triangularis (water beetles)
6. Korbikulum: Limbs of this type serves to collect pollen. Example: Apis cerana (honeybee)

In the lab we use wood Grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis) due to have some reason some of them:

1. locust wood has a perfect body
2. locust wood body parts no modification Bagik head, thorax, and abdomen
3. Make it easy for the practitioner to observe any body parts grasshopper.
Locust explosion occurred in Indonesia, which resulted in a very bad impact on food crops in Indonesia, this occurs due to several reasons, pest and disease development is strongly influenced by the dynamics of climate factors. So do not be surprised if in the rainy season many agricultural world occupied by plant disease problems just as crackle and blast disease in rice, chilli anthracnose and so on. While in the dry season many problems rice stem borer, locusts wanderer, as well as the chilli thrips. Lately climate change as an increase in temperature associated with elevated levels of CO.

Locust explosion occurred not only in all parts of the region in Indonesia, but in other countries ensued as in East Timor, Australia and others. This type of grasshopper can live in a wide area environments because they can adapt to very different ecological conditions.
However, the optimum living conditions are at a temperature of 20-25 degrees Celsius and rainfall of 50-100 millimeters per month which provides sufficient moisture. FAO is one of the institutions in the United Nations entered into a collaboration with countries affected by the explosion belelang, one of which is with Indonesia and East Timor which took place in Kupang 24 to 25 November, 2009.
FAO has provided assistance in the form of insecticides namely pesticides, sprayer (atomizer), training or training and human resource development. Bio-pesticides used are sprayed from the air by helicopter. The results are very good and can eradicate locusts that attack rice plants belonging to farmers.

Nevertheless, this situation may not last long because there are several factors that will come back to blow up the number of grasshoppers. This is due to the accumulation of locusts defense against drugs, so that the locusts are immune to it. So this spur researchers / scientists to produce the latest innovation in order to reduce production losses due to pests on agricultural producers and so on.
Physiological characteristics that affect insect reactions, usually in the form of substance - a chemical substance produced in the metabolism of plants. Metabolic processes in plants generally produce substances that can serve as a reaction catalyst, build networks and energy supply. Plants require inorganic ions and produce enzymes, hormones and carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and phosphate components for energy transfer. The primary metabolite, supports the growth and reproduction of plants.

For insects, some primary metabolites can serve as feeding stimulants, nutrients, toxic substances as well. Secondary metabolites, varies considerably between plants and is referred to as non-essential substances in the primary metabolite. However, secondary metabolites can also serve as a stimulus for insects.
The relationship between stimulus and response of plants insects is chemical communication, a chemical that plays a role called semiochemical which consists of:
Pheromones: supporting communication of individuals in the same species
Allelochemical: supporting communication individuals in different species.
Allomon: Chemicals for defense, producing a negative response to the insects and reduce the possibility of contact with the insect host. Which includes allomon them, repellent, oviposition and feeding deterrent, and toxic substances
Kairomon: give the advantage to insects, support discovery process host, oviposition and feeding. Kairomon consists of: attractants, arrestant, excitant and stimulant.

CONCLUSION.
From the observation that has been made and the discussion above it can be concluded that:
1. Grasshoppers are herbivorous insects of the suborder Caelifera in the order Orthoptera. These insects have antennae that are almost always shorter than the body and also has a short ovipositor.
2. Grasshopper has three body parts, namely;
Consists of the antenna head, eyes and mouth.
Thorax consists of 3 pairs of legs (prothorax, mesothorax, and metathorax)
The abdomen consists of genitals
3. locust wood (Valanga nigricornis) has the following classification:
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Family: Acridoidea
Genus: Valanga
Specific name: nigricornis -
Scientific name: - Valanga nigricornis.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
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http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/02/did-you-know-grasshopper-wood.html
DatePublished: 20 February 2015 at 13:01
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Wednesday, 18 February 2015

Did You Know About the Grasshopper.

Grasshoppers are herbivorous insects of the suborder Caelifera in the order Orthoptera. These insects have antennae that are almost always shorter than the body and also has a short ovipositor. Sound caused some species of grasshoppers are usually produced by rubbing the hind femur to the front wing or the abdomen (called Stridulation), or because their flapping wings while flying. Hind femur length and strong generally suitable for jumping.
These insects are generally winged, although wings sometimes can not be used to fly. Female grasshoppers are generally larger than the male grasshopper.
In Islam, Grasshopper is one of the two animals that had previously died when still permitted to be eaten, along with fish.

Additional Information.

As food.
grasshopper.

In some countries, locusts consumed as a source of protein. For example, in southern Mexico, chapulines preferred because of protein, minerals, and vitamins are high. Locusts are usually collected at dusk, with the help of a lamp or flashlight, using nets broom. Furthermore locusts entered the water for 24 hours, then can be eaten raw or boiled, dried by the sun, fried, seasoned like garlic, onion, chilli, lime juice given, and used for soups or as a filler of various cuisines. Menu grasshopper quite abundant in food markets and street vendors in Central and Southern Mexico.
In the Chinese food market, for example Donghuamen night market, cooking locusts are presented using skewers.
In some countries in Africa, the grasshopper is an important food source in addition to several other species of insect. Grasshopper became a source of protein and fat to the daily diet, especially in times of food crisis. Usually grasshoppers cooked soup. Locusts consumed in Uganda and some neighboring regions called nsenene, although it is actually a grass cricket.
In some countries in the Middle East, locusts boiled with salt, dried by the sun, then eaten as a snack.
Many insects that become predators of grasshoppers, for example, various types of ants as the genus Crematogaster.

Grasshopper Higher Protein From Shrimp.

Based on research in the protein content of the flour Wood Grasshopper (Melanoplus cinereus) was greater than the protein content owned tiger shrimp.

Protein deficiency is one of the major nutritional problem in Indonesia. Therefore, the increase in protein consumption should be encouraged, one through diversification of high-protein food. Diversification of high-protein food that has been developed in Indonesia, one of which is the manufacture of flour shrimp, while on the use of locusts have not reached the stage of the manufacture of flour, when grasshoppers are also high in protein (62.2 percent).

Based on these reasons, then was appointed to study the problems is there any difference between the protein content of locust wood flour and flour tiger shrimp. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a difference between the levels of protein and starch flour locust wood tiger shrimp.

This research is an observational study to look at the differences between the protein content of locust wood flour and flour tiger shrimp with cross sectional approach. The population in this study ne locust wood flour and flour tiger shrimp made in the same way, and the sample in this study is the flour timber grasshopper (Melanoplus cinereus) and flour tiger shrimp (Panaeneous onodon) taken by random sampling technique by 10 groups of flour locust wood flour and 10 groups of tiger shrimp, each as much as 1 gram.

The protein content was tested with independent sample t test, where the result p = 0.000 (p <0.05), to conclude that there is a real difference between the levels of protein and starch flour locust wood tiger shrimp, in which the protein flour is higher than the locust wood flour tiger shrimp with their respective levels of 17.922 and 9.846 percent.

The advice given in this research is the need for research on protein content qualitatively, not quantitatively only and people should take advantage of locust wood flour as an alternative source of animal protein flour besides tiger prawn.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
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http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/02/did-you-know-about-the-grasshopper.html
DatePublished: 18 February 2015 at 15:14
Tags : Did You Know About the Grasshopper.
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Shooting in Copenhagen, Denmark police explanation.

One person was killed and three were injured in a shooting in the capital of Denmark, Copenhagen, Saturday (02/14/2015) afternoon local time, precisely before the 16:00 local time (22:00 GMT) at the cultural center Krudttoenden.

Vehicles and a number of police officers look all the way downtown Copenhagen, Sunday (15/2) after a shooting at a synagogue in Krystalgade. One person was shot in the head and two police officers were injured in the attack. Danish police said it was too early to say whether the incident was related to a previous attack on a cafe art. This news follows the shooting at liberty debate organized art cafe on talking and was attended by Swedish artist Lars Vilks, often received death threats over cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad himself. A man in the attack, and police said the suspects have not been able to ascertain. (AFP PHOTO / REUTERS / Martin Sylvest) vehicles and a number of police officers were visible all the way downtown Copenhagen, Sunday (15/2) after a shooting at a synagogue in Krystalgade. One person was shot in the head and two police officers were injured in the attack. Danish police said it was too early to say whether the incident was related to a previous attack on a cafe art.
In the cultural center known as a Krudttoenden the French Ambassador to Denmark Francois Zimeray and Swedish cartoonist Lars Vilks was scheduled to attend a meeting with the name "Art, Balsphemy and Freedom of Expression".

Through a press release, local police said that the lives of the three police officers are not threatened. French ambassador and citizens Sweden as reported by Xinhua, also not injured.

The death toll is a Danish citizen who is 40 years old. Police consider the shooting as an assassination attempt against Vilks, who in 2007 broadcast blasphemous cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad and triggering protests worldwide.

Police said they are hunting two suspects, who are still at large, and the vehicles they use to escape, VW polo, have been found in the city. Further investigation is still underway regarding the incident.

One offender.

While associated with the offender, police Denmark ensure that only one shooter involved in an attack on a forum for discussion on Islam and the freedom of speech.

Danish police then broadcast a photo of the actor who is alleged to have killed a man in a shooting incident similar to the shooting of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo offices in Paris last month.

According to the AFP news agency quoted by AFP, the photo shows a man wearing a dark raincoat and balaclava (headgear) deep red color with a black backpack.

A man passes the camera in the area where the two suspects shooting in Copenhagen, seen from a police photograph taken from the video footage, Saturday (14/2). Copenhagen Police issued this image, asking for information about citizens after a civilian was killed and three policemen were injured when gunmen opened fire at a meeting attended by Lars Vilks, the artist who received death threats since the publication of cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed. Photos disseminated through social media asking people to contact the police if you know the whereabouts of the man. (AFP PHOTO / REUTERS / Police / Scanpix)
Meanwhile, according to Reuters news agency, the Danish police continue to investigate a shooting at the cultural center of Copenhagen was whether there was a terrorist act.

Jorgen Skov police spokesman told reporters that a civilian was killed in an attack on a meeting that presents a Swedish artist Lars Vilks who had never received death threats after publishing a picture of the Prophet Muhammad. Thank you for reading this article.
Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. sunarnobambang86@gmail.com
author:
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https://plus.google.com/105319704331231770941.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
http://primadonablog.blogspot.com/2015/02/shooting-in-Copenhagen-Denmark-police-explanation.html
DatePublished: 18 February 2015 at 14:07
tags: Shooting in Copenhagen, Denmark police explanation.
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